Around 64 million Americans have periodontal disease (also known as gum disease or gingivitis). So, what exactly is gingivitis and why does it occur? When bacteria builds up in our mouth, gingivitis occurs as a defense mechanism to the bacteria. These bacteria cause inflammation with prolonged exposure, releases toxins, and eventually destroys the bones in the teeth. Luckily, gingivitis is preventable.
Proper brushing and flossing can help to prevent gingivitis. Without this, you will notice your gums become red, swollen, and will bleed when you brush or floss. Another, more frightening sign, is loose teeth. Each stage of gingivitis can be treated, resolved, and cared for with regular dental visits, home care, and dedication to oral health.